What constitutes India's health expenditure? "All direct and indirect expenditures incurred on health by households, private sectors and government programs constitutes our total health expenditure. It is believed that for a country to get a reasonable quality of healthcare, it should spend at least 5% of it's GDP on health. A majority of this has to be public health financing," says K. Sujatha Rao, Former Secretary, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India, to Govindraj Ethiraj in this interview. How much does India spend on health? "India has been spending 0.9 to 1.2 percent of its GDP on health. It has never gone beyond that," she says. In this interview, they talk about India's approach towards public health financing, out of pocket expenditure on health, public v/s private financing of health, learnings from Covid-19, investment in health, need for public and private sector collaboration and more on healthcare in India.